Student Learning Outcomes (SLO's)

Student Learning Outcomes are statements that specify what students will know, be able to do or be able to demonstrate when they have completed or participated in a Course or Program. SLO's specify an action by the student that must be observable, measurable and able to be demonstrated.

Grades are objectives.    SLO's are measurable and observable outcomes 

Download a PDF on grades compared to SLO's:  Grades and SLO's:  Different . . . but Related

  Objectives - Grades

  Outcomes - SLO's

Objectives are intended results or consequences of instruction, curricula, programs or activities.

Outcomes are achieved results of what was learned - the evidence that learning took place.

Objectives are focused on performances that all students are expected to demonstrate at the end of instruction, for example the normal distribution of grades.

Outcomes are single student-centered and describe what it is that the student should learn. SLOs are not grades, but observable skills.

Objectives define the key elements that must be taught every time the course is delivered.

Outcomes are measurable statements that specify what learners will know or be able to do as a result of successfully completing a course.

Because calculation of a course grade often involves a combination of sources such as class participation and other objectives, the single course grade does not directly represent the student’s achievement of a specific learning outcome or skill. 

Instead of how many students received A’s or D’s in the course, the SLO’s are geared to describe a specific skill that is acquired which is central to the course.

SLO Examples     

Well-written SLO's use action verbs, the present tense, and avoid terms such as "will appreciate" or "become aware" or "understand." How does one measure appreciation or understanding? Good SLO's also exhibit academic rigor, a quality that takes the SLO out of the realm of something that is generally understood by most people, and becomes a measurable outcome of rigorous academic study.

SLO Example Reasons
Poor:  The student will acquire an appreciation of Spanish language literature. Uses the future tense. Contains acquire an appreciation, which is inherently not measurable. Spanish language literature is too broad. This SLO lacks academic rigor.
Better:  Interpret Spanish poetry in the cultural context of its period. Interpretation can be measured in a research paper, a test, or an oral presentation. It specifically addresses poetry, and within historical context.
Better:  Compare Catalan, Galician, Jewish and Arabic traditions in Spanish literature. Comparisons can be measured in a research paper, an essay, test or oral presentation. Student must be aware of academically accepted traditions in Spanish literature in Spain.
Best:   Distinguish between Anti-Barroquism, Neoclassicism, and pre-Romanticism of the Spanish Enlightenment. Student can distinguish between highly specialized movements in Spanish literature at a specific period in history. Could be a research paper or questions on a final. An example of the highest level of academic rigor.

Where Are the SLOs?

Course Student Learning Outcomes (CSLOs) are found in each Course's syllabus.

Program Student Learning Outcomes (PSLOs) are found in the College Catalog and in this Website.

The list of Institutional Student Learning Outcomes is available in this Website and in the Course Catalog.

Oxnard College uses the application eLumen to store SLO's and the resulting metrics. Each individual student is assessed on a scorecard according to the rubric for that specific Course SLO. Most rubrics at Oxnard are based on the following Mastery Levels: EXEMPLARY, EXCEEDS STANDARDS, STANDARD, BELOW STANDARD and NO PROFICIENCY. Some rubrics are simply PASS or NO PASS.

Departments create their own Program and Course SLO's and rubrics with input from Faculty, Department Chairs and Deans.  Because students are assessed individually, eLumen can break down the reporting based on gender, ethnicity and race. The source of the eLumen data is the Banner grading system.