History of TRIO Programs

The history of TRIO is progressive. It began with Upward Bound, which emerged out of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in response to the administration's War on Poverty. In 1965, Talent Search, the second outreach program, was created as part of the Higher Education Act. In 1968, Student Support Services, which was originally known as Special Services for Disadvantaged Students, was authorized by the Higher Education Amendments and became the third in a series of educational opportunity programs. By the late 1960's, the term "TRIO" was coined to describe these federal programs.

Over the years, the TRIO Programs have been expanded and improved to provide a wider range of services and to reach more students who need assistance. The Higher Education Amendments of 1972 added the fourth program to the TRIO group by authorizing the Educational Opportunity Centers. The 1976 Education Amendments authorized the Training Program for Federal TRIO Programs, initially known as the Training Program for Special Programs Staff and Leadership Personnel. Amendments in 1986 added the sixth program, the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program. Additionally, in 1990, the Department created the Upward Bound Math/Science program to address the need for specific instruction in the fields of math and science. The Upward Bound Math/Science program is administered under the same regulations as the regular Upward Bound program, but it must be applied for separately. Finally, the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001 amended the Student Support Services (SSS) program to permit the use of program funds for direct financial assistance (Grant Aid) for current SSS participants who are receiving Federal Pell Grants.

This information is available at the US Department of Education website. Click here for more information.

Upward Bound at Oxnard College

We are a newly funded federal grant (est. 2017) and are funded for the next five years to serve students at Channel Islands and Hueneme High Schools. We are funded to serve 70 students from grades 9-12.


For the 2020-2021 academic year, we are looking to recruit 42 participants. Your support in this effort is greatly appreciated. Students are more than welcome to submit interest forms (see below) at any time during the course of this current (i.e., 2020-2021) academic year. 

Due to the fact that there are certain requirements students must meet, we do ask that they first complete the interest form to help us gauge their eligibility. If students are eligible, our office will follow up by providing students with an application.

Eighth grade students who will be freshman in the subsequent academic year (i.e., 2021-2022) at any of our participating high schools are also welcome to submit interest forms. However, we encourage eighth grade students to submit interest forms during the month of February 2021.

Interest Forms

Click here to upload student interest form.

Upward Bound Application

Click here to access the Upward Bound application.